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Specialists at UT Southwestern have extensive experience in diagnosing and treating hair loss. Using the most advanced therapies available, our team creates individualized treatment plans for both men and women.
Individualized Plans for Slowing Loss and Restoring Growth
Hair loss affects more than 80 million adults in the U.S. At UT Southwestern, our dermatologists are experts at discovering the underlying causes of hair loss and then developing treatment plans to slow the depletion and, in some cases, restore growth.
Types of Hair Loss
Hair loss types are grouped in general in two categories:
- Scarring hair loss
- Non-scarring hair loss
Scarring hair loss types include:
- Lichen planopilaris
- Frontal fibrosing alopecia
- Central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia
- Folliculitis decalvans
- Dissecting cellulitis
Non-scarring hair loss types include, but are not limited to:
- Telogen effluvium
- Female and male pattern hair loss
- Traction alopecia
- Alopecia areata
Symptoms and Causes of Hair Loss
The loss of hair can occur anywhere on the body, but it’s usually most noticeable on the scalp. While there often are no symptoms, when symptoms do occur they include scalp itch and even scalp pain.
Factors that can contribute to the type of hair loss include:
- Genetics and hormones
- Medical health
- Medications including chemotherapy treatment
- Poor nutrition, including iron deficiency
Treatment is tailored to each patient and his or her type of hair loss.
Diagnosing Hair Loss
To diagnose hair loss, our dermatologists take a detailed medical and family history, review medications, and perform a careful physical examination.
As part of the hair consultation, additional tests might be required to determine the type of hair loss. These tests include:
- Hair pull: Procedure in which the dermatologist lightly pulls a section of hair to assess how much comes out
- Scalp biopsy: Removal of a small section of scalp (3mm – 4mm) to examine under a microscope; performed at bedside, this procedure involves local anesthesia and suture placement
- Blood tests: To screen for several deficiencies that can play a role in hair loss; these tests might also be done as part of a treatment regimen if the patient is a candidate for certain oral medications
- Other tests: These include skin swabs of scalps for certain scalp conditions to uncover possible infectious etiologies that could be contributing to hair loss
Treatment for Hair Loss
The goal of our specialists’ individualized treatment is to stop further hair loss and promote follicular recovery/regrowth in viable follicles.
UT Southwestern’s dermatologists are involved in various clinical trials to improve understanding and treatment of hair loss. Ask our doctors about current trials during an appointment.