Parkinsonism Treatments

Appointment New Patient Appointment or 214-645-8300

Although there is currently no cure for Parkinsonism, researchers are making advances toward better understanding and managing this group of neurodegenerative diseases. UT Southwestern Medical Center is active in developing new treatments for Parkinsonism through research and clinical trials.

Parkinsonism is generally treated through medication and physical, occupational, and speech therapy to manage symptoms.


Some Parkinsonism symptoms can be controlled with medication. The type of medication prescribed depends on a patient’s symptoms. Medications might include:

  • Antidepressants for depression, emotional fragility, motivational deficiencies, and disrupted sleep-wake cycles
  • Baclofen for muscle tightness
  • Cholinesterase inhibitors for cognitive problems
  • Clozapine or quetiapine for hallucinations
  • Levodopa for slowed or weakened movements
  • Spray treatment or injection into the salivary glands for drooling (often due to impaired swallowing)

Physical, Occupational, and Speech Therapy

A regular daily exercise program is vital for maintaining muscle tone, strength, and flexibility. Our physical therapists are trained in caring for people with neurodegenerative conditions and can design an appropriate program that meets each patient’s needs.

An occupational therapist will assess each patient’s abilities and home environment and make recommendations that allow for maximum independence while ensuring safety.

Parkinsonism patients generally have more problems with speech and swallowing than people with Parkinson’s disease, so speech therapy might be recommended to improve voice articulation and volume.