Genitourinary Cancer

Genitourinary Cancer Diagnosis

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The tools and tests used to diagnose genitourinary cancer depend on the type and location of the cancer suspected, as well as factors such as the patient’s medical history and overall health status.

The genitourinary cancer specialists at UT Southwestern Medical Center’s Harold C. Simmons Comprehensive Cancer Center use the most advanced diagnostic tools available. These tests include imaging, endoscopy, biopsy, and molecular tissue testing. 

An accurate diagnosis is essential for providing the best treatment recommendations for each patient.

Imaging Studies

Specialists in genitourinary cancer imaging perform studies such as:

Additional Diagnostic Tests

We might recommend additional tests, such as:

  • Endoscopy: The use of a thin, flexible tube (endoscope) to visualize parts of the urinary tract
  • Tissue (biopsies) and body-fluid samples: UT Southwestern pathologists evaluate such specimens for the presence of cancer
  • Molecular tissue testing: DNA analysis of a tissue sample, used to determine tumor-specific genes, proteins, and other characteristics

Disease-Specific Tests

Learn how specific genitourinary cancers are diagnosed: