Adrenal Conditions

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Adrenal glands are endocrine glands that sit atop each kidney. Along with performing other essential functions in body, the glands produce hormones that help regulate metabolism and blood pressure.

Adrenal gland disorders can cause over- or under-production of these hormones and hence have a significant impact on people’s overall health and well-being. Causes of the disorders include adrenal nodules and tumors, infections, and genetic mutations.

With appropriate diagnosis and treatment, many adrenal conditions can be successfully managed. 

Specialized Treatment for a Range of Adrenal Gland Disorders 

UT Southwestern’s experienced endocrinologists skillfully evaluate, diagnose, and treat the full range of adrenal conditions, including:

  • Addison’s disease
  • Adrenal gland tumors, both benign and cancerous
  • Adrenal insufficiency
  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH)
  • Cushing syndrome and Cushing disease
  • Hyperaldosteronism
  • Pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma
  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia

Diagnosis of Adrenal Gland Conditions

These are many ways to diagnose adrenal gland conditions, and they depend upon the disorders patients are suspected of having. 

UT Southwestern’s specialized endocrinologists first conduct a complete history and physical examination to evaluate patients. They might then order laboratory tests of urine, blood, and/or saliva, as well as imaging of other organs based on their evaluation.

Treatment of Adrenal Gland Conditions

The treatment for adrenal gland disorders depends on the type of condition. UT Southwestern offers treatments that include:

  • Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
  • Medications to stop excess hormone production
  • Surgery – including minimally invasive procedures – to remove adrenal gland tumors
  • Surgery to remove one or both adrenal glands
  • Minimally invasive surgery to remove pituitary gland tumors

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