AFM is a type of acute flaccid paralysis, which has a variety of causes including several different viruses. Poliomyelitis (polio), caused by the poliovirus, was at one time the most common cause of AFM but has since been eradicated from the western hemisphere.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and UT Southwestern’s Dr. Benjamin Greenberg, an internationally recognized expert in treating rare autoimmune disorders of the central nervous system, have been studying AFM since 2014, when the first large outbreak occurred. These outbreaks have occurred every two years since then, usually in late summer through early fall. More than 90% of cases develop in children, but adults can get AFM too.
The Peter O'Donnell Jr. Brain Institute is ranked among the nation’s top hospitals for neurology and neurosurgery by U.S. News & World Report for 2020–21. Our experienced doctors and surgeons specialize in treating complex conditions affecting the brain and spinal cord, such as AFM.
At UT Southwestern, we take a team approach, working closely with other specialties here and at the Children’s Health Dallas Neurosciences Center to provide effective, compassionate care. Our team includes providers from neurology, neurosurgery, infectious disease, orthopaedics, pulmonology, pain management, physical therapy, and occupational therapy.
With years of expertise, we offer the most advanced health care options and personalized treatment plans for each person.