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Thyroid Conditions

The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland that sits in the neck above the collarbone and makes thyroid hormone. Millions of people suffer from disorders of the thyroid gland, which can greatly impact their health and well-being. With proper diagnosis and care, many people are able to successfully manage their thyroid conditions.                                                                            

The specialized endocrinologists and endocrine surgeons at UT Southwestern Medical Center skillfully evaluate, diagnose, and treat every type of thyroid condition.

Advanced Treatment for Thyroid Disorders

An important part of the endocrine system, the thyroid gland produces hormones that help the body regulate metabolism and the rate at which different cells work, including cells in organs such as the heart.

UT Southwestern Medical Center’s dedicated endocrinologists and endocrine surgeons treat thyroid gland disorders that include:

  • Goiter: Enlarged thyroid gland
  • Hyperthyroidism: Too many thyroid hormones are produced (“overactive thyroid”); this can be caused by Graves’ disease, an autoimmune disorder
  • Hypothyroidism: Too few thyroid hormones are produced (“underactive thyroid”)
  • Thyroiditis: Swelling of the thyroid
  • Thyroid cancer: Cancer that arises in the thyroid gland
  • Thyroid nodules: Noncancerous lumps in the thyroid

Diagnosis of Thyroid Disorders

For people suspected of having a thyroid condition, UT Southwestern endocrinologists conduct a complete history and physical examination.

This is usually followed by laboratory tests of blood and urine – to analyze levels of antibodies and thyroid hormones – and might include other lab tests.

In some cases, we take a tissue sample (biopsy) and/or order imaging studies, such as ultrasound of the neck, nuclear medicine scanning of the thyroid, and computed tomography (CT) scanning.

Treatment of Thyroid Disorders

The treatment of thyroid disorders varies, depending on the specific condition. UT Southwestern offers advanced treatments that include:

  • Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
  • Medications to stop excess hormone production
  • Surgery – including minimally invasive procedures – to remove tumors
  • Surgery to remove the thyroid gland

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Related Clinics

Showing 4 locations

Endocrinology

at UT Southwestern Monty and Tex Moncrief Medical Center at Fort Worth 600 South Main Street, 2nd Floor, Suite 2.200
Fort Worth, Texas 76104
817-882-2420 Directions

Endocrinology

at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Park Cities 8611 Hillcrest Road, 3rd Floor, Suite 300
Dallas, Texas 75225
214-692-3100 Directions Parking Info

Internal Medicine Subspecialties Clinic

at West Campus Building 3 2001 Inwood Road, 8th and 9th Floor
Dallas, Texas 75390
214-645-2800 Directions Parking Info

Multidisciplinary Surgery Clinic

at Outpatient Building 1801 Inwood Road, 7th Floor, Suite 100
Dallas, Texas 75390
214-645-2900 Directions Parking Info