Family Planning and Contraception

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With birth control, you can decide when, or if, you’re ready for a baby. The contraceptive method that is best for you depends on your lifestyle and reproductive needs. Our doctors can help you determine the best option for you.

Types of Birth Control

  • Hormones: In addition to oral contraceptives (birth control pills), other forms of hormonal birth control include implants, injections, rings, and patches.
  • Birth Control Pills: Most hormonal birth control pills work by releasing hormones – estrogen and progestin – to prevent ovulation. The cervical mucus thickens, making it hard for sperm to reach the egg. The endometrium thins, making it less likely that a fertilized egg will attach to it.
  • Mini Pill: Progestin-only pills do not contain estrogen. As in standard hormonal birth control, the Mini Pills work by releasing hormones to prevent ovulation, thicken cervical mucus, and thin the endometrium.
  • Shots: If you choose injectable birth control, you will require a shot every three months that either reduces or eliminates periods. 
  • Intrauterine Device (IUD): The intrauterine device is a small, plastic device that is inserted and left inside the uterus to prevent pregnancy. The IUD can be used by women of all ages, including teenagers and those who have never had children.
  • Implanon: The contraceptive implant (Implanon) is a single implant inserted into the upper arm. After a woman is given a local anesthetic, insertion takes only a few minutes. Implants give off very small amounts of a hormone to prevent pregnancy.

Non-Hormonal Birth Control

  • Barrier Contraception: Barrier methods are physical or chemical barriers that prevent sperm from passing through the woman’s cervix into the uterus and fallopian tubes to fertilize an egg. Some barriers include diaphragm sponge, cervical cap, male condom, female condom, and spermicide.
  • Sterilization: Sterilization is a permanent method of birth control. Women undergo a process called tubal sterilization that closes off the fallopian tubes, preventing the egg from traveling down the fallopian tube to the uterus as well as the sperm from reaching the egg. It does not affect a woman’s menstrual cycle or sexual function.

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